第五處 西滿幫耶穌背十字架

他們把耶穌帶走的時候,抓住一個從田間來的基勒乃人西滿,把十字架放在他身上,叫他在耶穌後面背著。

路加福音 23:26

Station MapFr. Lawrence Lew OP

Station Map

「基督,我們欽祟祢,讚美祢,因為藉著這聖架,祢救贖了普世。」

此刻我留意到
我的兒子試圖背那沉重的十字架時,一臉無助。
祂的每一步都像是最後一步。
祂的每一分痛都痛入我的心中,
我但願整件事到了終結。
不久,耶穌身旁起了一陣騷動。
衛兵從人群中拉出一個正在抗議的人。
他們迫那人抬起十字架尾部
來減輕我兒子的負荷。
他問衛兵為什麼必須如此。
我是知道的,
所以我默默地跟隨。

主耶穌,
我曾多次拒絕幫祢。
我是自私的,常常懷疑祢的說話。
不要讓我仍舊像西滿那樣,
但請祢幫我像祢母親瑪利亞一樣,
總是默默地追隨,默默地聽命。

更深認識

耶穌步行時的身體狀況

耶穌被猛烈鞭打後,已虛弱得無法背負橫木到釘十字架的刑場,那裡距離比拉多總督府約六百米。

[翻譯自: On The Physical Death of Jesus Christ—Edwards et al, 1986]

鞭打苦刑的實況

罪犯會被脫光衣服﹐雙手綁在木柱上﹐由兩個士兵輪流鞭打或由一個士兵轉換位置來鞭打﹐打在背部﹑臀部或腿部﹐鞭打的力度由執行刑罰的士兵決定﹐目的在折磨罪犯﹐但不至令他崩潰或死亡﹐鞭笞後﹐士兵都會嘲弄罪犯。當行刑手用力重覆鞭打罪犯時﹐鐵球會做成嚴重的瘀傷﹐而皮條和尖骨會割破皮膚和皮下組織﹐持續的鞭打會撕破肌肉﹐做成一條條血肉模糊的傷痕﹐劇痛和失血會引致休克﹐失血多少決定死囚在十字架上可捱時間的長短。

耶穌被嚴刑鞭打﹐劇痛和失血令祂處於接近休克狀況﹐加上流血汗令祂的皮膚非常脆弱和敏感﹐祂所受的肉體和精神虐待﹑加上缺乏食物﹑食水和睡眠令祂的健康狀況大大被削弱﹐所以﹐就是在被釘十字架前﹐祂已處於嚴重的虛弱狀況﹑甚至到生命只懸於一線的地步。

[從醫學角度看耶穌的苦難 郭詠觀醫生, 2011]

十字架是橋樑

主耶穌,面對困難、痛苦,我們總想逃避。但苦路的第五處提醒我們,十字架正是把祢我連接起來的橋樑。我們都是西滿,每每在不情願的情況下才勉強背起十字架。讓我別忘記在十字架另一端的正是祢。求祢幫助我鼓起勇氣,稍為減輕祢的負擔。

[Rosa Tse, 2015]

Sharing the the Suffering of Christ

They were looking for someone to help carry the Cross.

Their eyes fell on Simon. They compelled him to take the weight upon his shoulders. We can imagine that Simon did not want to do this and objected. Carrying the cross together with a convict could be considered an act offensive to the dignity of a free man. Although unwilling, Simon took up the Cross to help Jesus.

In a Lenten hymn we hear the words: “Under the weight of the Cross Jesus welcomes the Cyrenean”. These words allow us to discern a total change of perspective: the divine Condemned One is someone who, in a certain sense, “makes a gift” of his Cross. Was it not he who said: “He who does not take up his cross and follow me is not worthy of me” (Mt 10:38)?

Simon receives a gift.

He has become “worthy” of it.

What the crowd might see as an offence to his dignity has, from the perspective of redemption, given him a new dignity.

In a unique way, the Son of God has made him a sharer in his work of salvation.

[St. John Paul II, Via Crucis, Totus Tuus, 2000]