第十一處 耶穌被釘在十字架上

他們就把耶穌帶去了。耶穌自己背著十字架出來,到了一個名叫「髑髏」的地方, 希伯來話叫「哥耳哥達」,他們就在那裏把他釘在十字架上,同他一起另有兩個人: 一個在這邊,一個在那邊,耶穌在中間。比拉多寫了個牌子,放在十字架上端,寫的是:「納匝肋人耶穌,猶太人的君王。」

若望福音 19:16a,19

「基督,我們欽祟祢,讚美祢,因為藉著這聖架,祢救贖了普世。」

他們把耶穌摔在十字架上,而祂
甘願被他們釘上去。
祂的手腳給刺穿了。
祂的疼痛,痛入我心。
然後,他們豎起了十字架。
看,我寵愛的兒子就在那裡,
祂在世最後幾分鐘
掙扎時,還備受譏笑。
但我知道這事必須是如此成全的,
所以我站在一旁,默默地祈禱。

主,
祢為了我忍受何等的痛苦。
祢的母親看見自己的獨生子
為了愛我而死,經歷何等的苦楚啊!
然而,祢和她
只要我痛悔我的罪,
就立即樂於寬恕我。
主,
幫助我脫離我的罪性。

更深認識

The Human Limit

At this point, another phenomenon occurred. As the arms fatigued, great waves of cramps swept over the muscles, knotting them in deep relentless, throbbing pain. With these cramps came the inability to push Himself upward. Hanging by the arm, the pectoral muscles, the large muscles of the chest, were paralyzed and the intercostal muscles, the small muscles between the ribs, were unable to act. Air could be drawn into the lungs, but could not be exhaled. Jesus fought to raise Himself in order to get even one short breath.

He suffered hours of limitless pain, cycles of twisting, joint-rending cramps, intermittent partial asphyxiation, and searing pain as tissue was torn from His lacerated back from His movement up and down against the rough timbers of the cross. Then another agony began: a deep crushing pain in the chest as the pericardium, the sac surrounding the heart, slowly filled with serum and began to compress the heart.

[Dr. C. Truman Davis; A Physician Analyzes the Crucifixion. Arizona Medicine, March 1965, Arizona Medical Association]

吸每口氣的掙扎

釘十字架除引起劇痛外﹐亦會嚴重影響正常的呼吸﹑尤其是呼氣﹐整個身體的重量拉著伸直了雙手﹐使到肋間肌處於吸氣的狀態﹐從而阻礙正常的呼氣過程﹐所以﹐呼氣只能使用橫隔膜﹐這個呼氣方式是短淺的﹐不足以將身體內的二氧化碳呼出﹐身體內二氧化碳積聚﹐很快就形成血碳酸過多症﹐血碳酸過多加上疲勞會令肌肉陷入痙攣的狀況﹐使呼吸越加困難。

呼氣需要用腳發力把身體撐起來﹑把雙臂曲起和把肩膀內收﹐這個動作將全身體重放在蹠骨﹐引起極度痛楚﹔曲起雙臂時會以鐵釘為軸心旋轉手腕﹐這又會刺激受了傷的正中神經﹐引起劇痛﹔ 把身體撐起時亦會將已嚴重受傷的背部磨在十字架上﹐所以﹐每一個呼吸的動作都很費勁和帶來劇痛﹐最後導致窒息。

[從醫學角度看耶穌的苦難 郭詠觀醫生, 2011]