Justice and Hope Go Hand-in-Hand

Sixteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Wisdom 12:13, 16-19

There is no god besides you who have the care of all, that you need show you have not unjustly condemned. For your might is the source of justice; your mastery over all things makes you lenient to all. For you show your might when the perfection of your power is disbelieved; and in those who know you, you rebuke temerity. But though you are master of might, you judge with clemency, and with much lenience you govern us; for power, whenever you will, attends you. And you taught your people, by these deeds, that those who are just must be kind; and you gave your children good ground for hope that you would permit repentance for their sins.

Romans 8:26-27

Brothers and sisters: The Spirit comes to the aid of our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes with inexpressible groanings. And the one who searches hearts knows what is the intention of the Spirit, because he intercedes for the holy ones according to God's will.

Matthew 13:24-30

Jesus proposed another parable to the crowds, saying: "The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a man who sowed good seed in his field. While everyone was asleep his enemy came and sowed weeds all through the wheat, and then went off. When the crop grew and bore fruit, the weeds appeared as well. The slaves of the householder came to him and said, 'Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where have the weeds come from?' He answered, 'An enemy has done this.' His slaves said to him, 'Do you want us to go and pull them up?' He replied, 'No, if you pull up the weeds you might uproot the wheat along with them. Let them grow together until harvest; then at harvest time I will say to the harvesters, "First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles for burning; but gather the wheat into my barn."'"

This Sunday’s readings present some dynamic and contradictory images of destruction versus growth, punishment versus justice, death versus life, hopelessness versus hope. How could a God who gathers the “weeds [to be] burned up with fire” and casts “evildoers” into “the furnace of fire”, where there is “weeping and gnashing of teeth”, also be capable of showing benevolence to sinners and gives hope to the hopeless (Mt 13:40, 42)? Jesus uses parables to shed light on this conundrum. Interestingly, parables, like allegories, are figures of speech that use everyday images or objects to reveal deeper truths. No wonder readers are often confused by parables. Jesus explains that “without a parable he told nothing” in fulfillment of the Prophet: “‘Keep listening, but do not comprehend; keep looking, but do not understand. Make the mind of this people dull, and stop their ears, and shut their eyes, so that they may not look with their eyes, and listen with their ears, and comprehend with their minds, and turn and be healed’” (Mk 4:34, Is 6:8-10). In other words, Jesus challenges us to see and listen with our hearts rather than our faculties so that we may wholeheartedly turn to our all-loving God and be made whole again.

Social media and news outlets are often inundated with devastating images of suffering and gross injustice which bring a new meaning to “fire and brimstone”! We witness thousands of Syrian refugees, men, women, and children, crossing open waters and national borders; emasculated and stripped of human dignity. Many more never survive the punishing journey itself. What about the recent alleged terrorist attacks in Manchester and London, England where many innocent people lost their lives? How much more could one endure? Where are the signs of hope?

In this week’s Gospel passage, Jesus tells the parable of a field where both good and bad seeds are given equitable opportunity to grow and mature. Instead of destroying the weeds right away and risking the good seeds, the master decides to “let both of them grow together until harvest” (Mt 13:30). Indeed, this reveals a God of justice, gentleness, and patience as portrayed in the Book of Wisdom: “Although you are sovereign in strength, you judge with mildness, and with great forbearance you govern us” (Wis 12:18). In other words, by tolerating sins, God is giving the sinners an opportunity to repent before their eventual destruction.

In a world where good and bad seeds grow together, the call of our loving Father: “Whom shall I send?” (Is 6:8). Upon receiving the spirit of hope and courage at our Baptism and Confirmation, we are called to “fight the good fight in faith” (1 Tim 6:12). Do we have the courage to say, “Here am I; send me!” (Is 6:8)?

“The light shines in darkness and the darkness did not overcome it” (Jn 1:5). Indeed, in a world filled with destruction and death, hope abounds. Ojibway-Canadian writer, Richard Wagamese, tells an allegory of how justice and hope go hand-in-hand.

In the Long Ago Time, before the time of the Human Beings, one winter grew especially harsh and deadly. The whole world seemed to be suspended in ice and snow. A small chickadee who was nearly frozen hopped along on top of the snow until he came to the base of a young tamarack tree. He begged the tree to lower its branches to shelter him. But the tamarack was proud. It reveled in its fine shape and refused to lower its branches. So the little chickadee hopped on in the cold until he came upon an old pine tree. He asked for shelter and this time, the pine tree gladly dropped its lower branches to embrace the chickadee.

Creator asked the tamarack why it refused to help the chickadee. The young tree replied that it did not see the need to surrender its beauty to shelter a tiny bird who would likely die anyway. When asked by Creator, the pine tree replied that it had felt the bite of the many frigid winds and know how lonely and terrifying that could be.

As a sign of the pine tree’s compassion, Creator granted the pine to keep its drooped lower branches from then on. For the tamarack; however, it must lose its needles every fall because of its selfishness.

In this story, Creator shows justice and hope simultaneously. Creator rewards the compassion of the old pine tree while justly punished the vain and hopeless tamarack who thinks the small bird will die anyway. However, Creator in the story gives hope to even the worst sinner by showing tamarack that though the needles may fall, they will always return. Destruction and growth; death and life commingled. Indeed, God judges us with kindness, “righteous must be kind and you have filled your children with good hope” (Wis 12:18b-19). This demonstrates that justice and hope work together as a healing balm for the wounded souls.

Finally, the benevolent image of the mustard tree, that springs from the tiniest of seeds but grows into a large and welcoming home for all, is indeed a great symbol of hope, compassion, and love. Like the old pine tree in Wagamese’s story, the mustard seed does not only live for itself but for many others whose lives depend on it. We, too, are called to be mustard trees; a beacon of light and visible sign of hope for the hopeless in this world where the good and the bad inevitably grow together.

Posted: July 23, 2017

Susanna Mak

Susanna深信,信仰需要在日常生活中顯露出來,尤其是當與別人相處時,需要分擔對方所面對的困境、抉擇和挑戰。她有着很多不同的身份:女兒、姐姐、朋友、姨姨、妻子、老師、校牧、終身學習者和偶爾替《生命恩泉》寫作的作者。在每一個身份當中, 她努力為天主的愛和希望作見証。 她在多倫多擔任高中教師近二十年,擁有英語、學生讀寫能力、青年領袖活動、校牧組等經驗。 她是多倫多大學商業和英語學士,教育學士,亞省Athabasca大學綜合研究碩士,以及擁有多倫多大學Regis學院神學研究碩士證書。她對於成為《生命恩泉》寫作團隊的一份子, 深感榮幸。 Susanna has a deep conviction that faith needs to be manifested in daily life, particularly, in one’s encounters with others as well as amidst dilemmas, choices, and challenges. She strives to be a living sign of God’s love and hope as a daughter, sister, friend, aunt, wife, teacher, chaplain, life-long learner, and occasional writer for FLL. She has been a high school teacher in Toronto for almost 20 years, with experiences in English and literacy, youth leadership initiatives, the Chaplaincy Team, to mention a few. She has a B. Comm, B.A. in English, and a B. Education from University of Toronto, an M.A. in Integrated Studies from Athabasca University, and a Graduate Certificate of Theological Studies from Regis College, U of T. She is humbled by the opportunity to be part of the FLL Writing Team.

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