Posted 7 月 10, 2013 by FLL Editorial Team in


freely-give瑪竇福音 10:7-15 – 聖本篤(院長)(紀念)





Matthew 10:7-15 – Memorial of St. Benedict, Abbot

Observe the timing in which the Apostles are sent. After they had seen the dead raised, the sea rebuked, and other like wonders, and had had both in word and deed sufficient proof of Jesus’ power, then He sends them. The kingdom of heaven is said here to draw close by the faith in the unseen Creator which is bestowed upon us, not by any visible means. The saints are rightly denoted by the heavens, because they contain God by faith, and love Him with affection.

Lest the untaught and illiterate should obtain credit when they announced the kingdom of Heaven, Jesus gives the Apostles power to heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, and cast out devils, that the greatness of the miracles might back up the greatness of their promises. This exercise of the Lord’s power is wholly entrusted to the Apostles, that they who were formed in the image of Adam, and the likeness of God, should now obtain the perfect image of Christ; and whatever evil Satan had introduced into the body of Adam, this they should now repair by Communion with the Lord’s power. These signs were necessary in the beginning of the Church; the faith of the believers must he fed with miracles, that it might grow. But afterwards miracles ceased when a reverence for the faith was universally established Or if they were continued at all, they were few and seldom; for it is usual with God to do such things when evil is increased, then He shows forth His power. The Holy Church daily does spiritually, what it then did materially by the Apostles; things far greater, as she raises and cures souls and not bodies.

And because spiritual gifts would be cheapened if they need to be bought, Jesus adds a condemnation of greed; ‘Freely you have received, freely give’; I your Master and Lord have imparted these to you without price, therefore you give them to others in like manner, that the free grace of the Gospel be incorrupted. For if they preach without receiving reward for it, the possession of gold and silver and wealth was unnecessary. For had they had such, they would have been thought to be preaching, not for the sake of men’s salvation, but their own gain. As Jesus had cut off riches, which are meant by gold and silver, He now almost cuts off necessities of life; that the Apostles, teachers of the true religion, who taught men that all things are directed by God’s providence, might show themselves to be without thought for the future.

Today is the feast day of St. Benedict of Nursia, the father of Western monasticism. His most well-known achievement is his “Rule of St. Benedict”, a set of precepts for living communally under an abbot to achieve union with God, further bringing the practices of Christian monasticism from Egypt to the West. Besides the Benedictines, this rule is used to this day by the Camaldolese Hermits, Cistercians, Trappists, and many laypeople.

Matthew 10:7-15, Catena Aurea (St. Thomas Aquinas)

FLL Editorial Team