Posted 十二月 29, 2013 by FLL Editorial Team in
 
 

聖家的典範

聖家節(慶日)
聖誕八日慶期內主日

德訓篇 3:3-7, 14-17

上主願意父親受兒女的尊敬,且確定了母親對子女的權利。孝敬父親的人,必能補贖罪過,且能戒避罪惡;在祈禱之日,必蒙應允。孝敬母親的人,就如積蓄珍寶的人。孝敬父親的人,必在子女身上獲得喜樂;當他祈禱時,必蒙應允。孝敬父親的,必享長壽;聽從上主的,必使母親得到安慰。

我兒,你父親年老了,你當扶助他;在他有生之日,不要使他憂傷。若他的智力衰弱了,你要對他有耐心,不要因你年富力強就藐視他;因為,對父親的孝愛,是不會被遺忘的;天主必要赦免你的罪過,復興你的家庭。你對母親的接納,必獲賞報;天主必依公義,建立你的家庭。

聖保祿宗徒致哥羅森人書 3:12-21

弟兄姊妹們:

你們該如天主所揀選的,所愛的聖者,穿上憐憫的心腸、仁慈、謙卑、良善和含忍;如果有人對某人有什麼怨恨的事,要彼此擔待,互相寬恕;就如主怎樣寬恕了你們,你們也要怎樣寬恕人。在這一切之上,尤該有愛德,因為愛德是全德的聯繫。還要叫基督的平安,在你們心中作主;你們所以蒙召存於一個身體內,也是為此,所以,你們該有感恩之心。

要讓基督的話,充分存在你們內;以各種智慧彼此教導規勸;以聖詠、詩詞和屬神的歌曲,在你們心內,懷著感恩之情,歌頌天主。你們無論作什麼,在言語上或在行為上,一切都該因主耶穌的名而作,藉著他,感謝天主聖父。

作妻子的,應該服從丈夫,如在主內所當行的。作丈夫的,應該愛妻子,不要苦待她們。作子女的,應該事事聽從父母,因為這是主所喜悅的。作父母的,不要激怒你們的子女,免得他們灰心喪志。

聖瑪竇福音 2:13-15, 19-23

賢士們離去後,看,上主的天使托夢,顯現於若瑟,說:「起來,帶著嬰孩和他的母親,逃往埃及,住在那裡,直到我再通知你,因為黑落德即將尋找這嬰孩,要把他殺掉。」若瑟便起來,星夜帶了嬰孩和他的母親,退避到埃及去。留在那裡,直到黑落德死去。這就應驗了上主藉先知所說的話:「我從埃及召回了我的兒子。」

黑落德死後,看,上主的天使在埃及托夢,顯現於若瑟,說:「起來,帶著孩子和他的母親,往以色列去,因為那些謀殺孩子性命的人已經死了。」若瑟便起來,帶了孩子和他的母親,進入以色列地域。

但是,若瑟一聽說阿爾赫勞繼承他父親黑落德,作了猶太王,就害怕到那裡去;夢中得了指示後,便退避到加里肋亞境內,去住在一座名叫納匝肋的城裡。如此,應驗了先知們所說的話:「他將稱為納匝肋人。」

「聖家節」是教會每年聖誕節之後的第一主日舉行的慶節,以耶穌、瑪利亞和若瑟所組成的聖家為基督徒提供一個模範家庭 。

聖家為什麼對我們那樣重要呢?正因為它表現了天主計劃中的家庭 (天主教教理 2204-2206): 第一、基督信徒的家庭是家庭式的教會。第二、基督信徒的家庭是天主聖三共融的記號和形像。第三,基督信徒的家庭是教育子女的最好場所。

基督信徒的家庭是一個信、望、愛 三德的團體,在教會中的家庭佔有極重要的地位。教宗若望保祿二世說,它應該被稱為家庭教會,因為它是教會共融的一種明確啟示和實現。(JPII, Letter to Families, n.3)

基督信徒的家庭是人與人之間的共融。他們的共融是天主聖父與天主聖子在天主聖神內的共融的記號和形像。家庭中生育並教養子女的活動好比天主聖父的造化工程。家庭有責任同基督一起祈禱並參與祂的祭獻。在家庭中每天祈禱和讀聖經增加家庭成員間的愛德。基督信徒的家庭負有傳揚福音、引人歸依基督的使命。

在家庭內各成員之間有的是基於彼此尊重的、密切的、親愛的、以及休戚相關的關係。家庭是一種培育豐富人性的理想學校,它的使命是在夫妻的彼此相愛互相合作下,不斷地悉心教養子女(天主教教理 2206)。

在這個聖家節,就讓我們好好反省怎樣在我們的家庭中效法聖家的榜樣吧!

這篇默想是以 Foundations in Faith – Catechist Catechumenate Manual 為根據,並獲得版權持有人 RCL Benziger, LLC 批准使用;也引用了 天主教教理

Feast of the Holy Family
First Sunday in the Octave of Christmas

Sirach 3:2-6, 12-14

God sets a father in honor over his children; a mother’s authority he confirms over her sons. Whoever honors his father atones for sins, and preserves himself from them. When he prays, he is heard;
he stores up riches who reveres his mother. Whoever honors his father is gladdened by children, and, when he prays, is heard. Whoever reveres his father will live a long life; he who obeys his father brings comfort to his mother.

My son, take care of your father when he is old; grieve him not as long as he lives. Even if his mind fail, be considerate of him; revile him not all the days of his life; kindness to a father will not be forgotten, firmly planted against the debt of your sins — a house raised in justice to you.

Colossians 3:12-21

Brothers and sisters:

Put on, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, heartfelt compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience, bearing with one another and forgiving one another, if one has a grievance against another; as the Lord has forgiven you, so must you also do. And over all these put on love, that is, the bond of perfection. And let the peace of Christ control your hearts, the peace into which you were also called in one body. And be thankful. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, as in all wisdom you teach and admonish one another, singing psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs
with gratitude in your hearts to God. And whatever you do, in word or in deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.

Wives, be subordinate to your husbands, as is proper in the Lord. Husbands, love your wives, and avoid any bitterness toward them. Children, obey your parents in everything, for this is pleasing to the Lord. Fathers, do not provoke your children, so they may not become discouraged.

Matthew 2:13-15, 19-23

When the magi had departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you. Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him.” Joseph rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed for Egypt. He stayed there until the death of Herod, that what the Lord had said through the prophet might be fulfilled, Out of Egypt I called my son.

When Herod had died, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child’s life are dead.” He rose, took the child and his mother, and went to the land of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go back there. And because he had been warned in a dream, he departed for the region of Galilee. He went and dwelt in a town called Nazareth, so that what had been spoken through the prophets
might be fulfilled, He shall be called a Nazorean.

The “Feast of the Holy Family” is a yearly liturgical feast traditionally held on the 1st Sunday after Christmas. It presents Jesus, Mary and Joseph as the holy family which all Christian families should model after. Why is the Holy Family so important? Because it shows us the design of the ‘family’ in God’s plan (CCC 2204-2206): firstly, the Christian family as a domestic church; secondly, the Christian family as a sign and image of the Holy Trinity, and thirdly, the Christian family as the best social institution for the upbringing of children.

“The Christian family constitutes a specific revelation and realization of ecclesial communion, and for this reason it can and should be called a domestic church” (CCC 2204; JPII, Letter to Families, n.3). It is a community of faith, hope, and charity and assumes a singular importance in the Church.

The Christian family is a communion of persons, a sign and image of the communion of the Father and the Son in the Holy Spirit. In the procreation and education of children it reflects the Father’s work of creation. It is called to partake of the prayer and sacrifice of Christ. Daily prayer and the reading of the Word of God strengthen it in charity. The Christian family has an evangelizing and missionary task.

The relationships within the family bring an affinity of feelings, affections and interests, arising above all from the members’ respect for one another. The family is a privileged community called to achieve a “sharing of thought and common deliberation by the spouses as well as their eager cooperation as parents in the children’s upbringing” (CCC 2206).

On this Feast of the Holy Family, let us reflect on how we can model the Holy Family within our own families!

This material is adapted from the Foundations in Faith – Catechist Catechumenate Manual with the permission of the copyright holder, RCL Benziger, LLC. It also quotes from the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC).


FLL Editorial Team