Posted 六月 3, 2013 by FLL Editorial Team in
 
 

葡萄園的比喻

parable-of-vineyard馬爾谷福音 12:1-12

匠人棄而不用的石頭,反而成了屋角的基石。教會是屋角,把猶太人和外邦人聚集在一起;這屋角是天主的作為,在信眾的眼中神妙莫測;為沒有信德的人,奇蹟卻引來責難。教會的確是奇妙的,她建基在奇蹟之上,天主與宗徒配合,用神蹟為他們的話作見證。「那是上主的所作所為,在我們眼中神妙莫測」就是這樣的意思。

那些司祭長證明了耶穌所說的話是真的,「他們明白這比喻是指他們說的,就想逮捕耶穌;這是繼承人」天父將為祂不公義的死復仇。以一個道德的層面來看,每一位信眾在接受聖洗聖事時,都租了一個葡萄園,他們都該栽種。但當園主派去的僕人被毆打、驅趕,當聖言受到鄙視、褻瀆,甚至連天主的兒子也被踏在腳下。

邪惡的園戶將被除滅,園主將葡萄園另租給別人,謙卑的人將被賜予那被驕傲人輕蔑的恩寵。

(本文以英文為準)

Mark 12:1-12

The stone then which the builders rejected, has become the cornerstone of the Church. For the Church is the corner, joining together Jews and Gentiles; and this corner has been made by the Lord, and is wonderful in in the eyes of the faithful; for miracles meet with detraction from the faithless. The Church indeed is wonderful, as it were resting on wonders, for the Lord worked with the Apostles, and confirmed the word with signs. And this is what is meant, when it is said, “This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes”.

But the Chief Priests showed that those things which the Lord had spoken were true; which is proven from what follows: “And they sought to lay hold on him; for He Himself is the heir”, whose unjust death He said was to be revenged by the Father. In a moral sense, each of the faithful, when the Sacrament of Baptism is entrusted to him, receives a vineyard on loan, which he is to cultivate. But the servant sent to him is mistreated, beaten, and cast out, when the word is heard by him and despised, or, what is worse, even blasphemed; further, he kills, as far as in him lies, the heir, who has trampled under foot the Son of God.

The evil tenant is destroyed, and the vineyard given to another, the humble shall be enriched with that gift of grace, which the proud man has scorned. And it happens daily in the Church, that the Chief Priests wishing to lay hands on Jesus, are held back by the multitude, when someone, who is a brother only in name, either blushes or fears to attack the unity of the faith of the Church, and of its peace, though he loves it not, on account of the number of good brethren who dwell together within it.

References:
On the Gospel of Mark (St. Bede the Venerable)
Explanations on the New Testament (St. Theophylact of Ochrid)


FLL Editorial Team